When a male and female attempt to conceive a child and are unable to after trying for a long time, it can be extremely frustrating and devastating. However, with advances in technology and medicine, many techniques have been formulated to assist those having issues conceiving.
This is very encouraging especially due to the fact that these processes are able to help people with many different issues. Below are some conditions that fertility techniques can address. If you or your partner are suffering from one of them, consult your family doctor today. He/she may be able to refer you to an in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic that can help put you on the path to parenthood.
Endometriosis refers to a disorder where the lining of the uterus grows externally. When a menstrual period occurs, this lining is usually able to be shed from the body in the form of blood but because it is outside of the uterus it is unable to flow freely. This condition affects fertility because pelvic organs become distorted and scarred.
While women with endometriosis can still conceive, the condition makes it very difficult with 30 to 50 percent experiencing difficulty. As a result the IVF process is often considered. IVF can help women with endometriosis get pregnant by composing a treatment plan consisting of fertility drugs and intrauterine insemination (IUI). IUI consists of injecting semen directly into the uterus using a catheter.
2. Low sperm count
When a man and woman are unable to conceive, it is a common mistake to think that someone is wrong with the female’s anatomy. However, the truth is in all cases of infertility, one-third it has to do with the male, one-third the female, and one-third the cause is unknown. When the cause of infertility is the male, it usually is due to a low sperm count.
When a low sperm count is diagnosed, an experienced fertility clinic will often recommend intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). ICSI consists of facilitating the fertilization of an egg by a single sperm. Once fertilized, the embryo is transferred into the uterus.
3. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS happens when a female produces more male hormones than normal. As a result, menstrual periods are either missed or prolonged because fluid surrounds the eggs and prevents their release. It is therefore harder for the female to get pregnant.
IVF clinics have been extremely successful in helping women with PCOS get pregnant. A first step is usually prescribing clomiphene citrate which induces ovulation. If this is unsuccessful, metformin is given to help the female lose weight which can in turn restart the ovulation process. If conception still does not occur, hormones can then be injected into a female to facilitate egg release or a male to product sperm. A last resort would be the IVF process.
4. Problems with fallopian tubes
If a female’s fallopian tubes are blocked, eggs are not released through them and the sperm from the male is unable to travel to reach the egg for fertilization. Fallopian tubes can also become inflamed due to sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Symptoms of problematic fallopian tubes include irregular periods, abdominal pain, and discharge.
IVF is often used when a female has blocked fallopian tubes. With this process, a doctor is able to retrieve eggs directly from the ovaries. As a result, the fallopian tubes are taken out of the fertilization process so the fact that they are blocked is not a concern. If fallopian tubes are inflamed, fertilization often cannot occur. However, they can be removed and then IVF processes can be tried.